iron ore bargaining rate influencing factor

Energy efficiency and time charter rates: Energy efficiency savings ...

According to UNCTAD (2010), owners of ships used in the iron ore trade passed ... On the basis that most of the variables affecting voyage rates are likely to affect time ... was the single most important factor for the hiring of vessels on time charters, and ..... In a tight market ship owners have increased bargaining power and...

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Mining Surplus: Modeling James A. Schmitz's Link Between ...

Keywords: bodies, effort, James A. Schmitz, iron ore, membership, economic ... ductivity rose by 68%, and measures of total factor productivity (TFP) moved up by 42%. ... By contrast, in the current setting the firm and union bargain over effort, .... Denote union wages by w, the price of materials by q, and the rental rate on...

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tohoku management & accounting research group - Tohoku University

In its uranium case, Rio Tinto had strong bargaining powers in relationships with governments ... However, in the Western Australian iron ore case this factor did not influence the company's .... historically high rate of growth. Japan had lost its...

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Foreign Direct Investment and the Internationalisation of South ...

Nov 1, 2010 ... firms as well as the importance of the factors influencing the .... ore, gold and nickel have seen heavy investment, with demand from China for copper and iron ore, .... thereby earn an above-normal rate of return (Barney, 1991; Tallman, .... (2004) developed an updated model called the “Political Bargaining...

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POWER RELATIONS BETWEEN CUSTOMER AND SUPPLIER: A ...

countries, the main factor that generated greater negative impact resulted from ... Mintzberg (1983), the bargaining power of the supplier is very relevant for the steel industry, due to the exclusivity of supply of iron ore and logistics, weakening the .... of prices (price reduction and expansion of delivery) and exchange rate of.

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Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. and ArcelorMittal USA LLC Enter Into ...

May 31, 2016 ... The Company is a major supplier of iron ore pellets to the North American steel industry ... Uncertainties and risk factors that could affect Cliffs' future ... rate in China ; our ability to reach agreement with our iron ore customers ... or renew collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms; the impact of...

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What Factors Affect the Price of Iron Ore? (with pictures) - wiseGEEK

The price of iron ore is affected by many different factors, including shifts in ... have an impact on the level of revenue those businesses can expect to generate.

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Dynamic Determinants in Global Iron Ore Supply Chain - Cirrelt

freight rates and transportation infrastructure. This allows assessment of ... properties affecting iron ore price in terms of metal unit (Fe) contained in the ore.

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Energy efficiency and time charter rates: Energy efficiency savings ...

According to UNCTAD (2010), owners of ships used in the iron ore trade passed ... On the basis that most of the variables affecting voyage rates are likely to affect time ... was the single most important factor for the hiring of vessels on time charters, and ..... In a tight market ship owners have increased bargaining power and...

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chapter 2 - Wiley

Sep 5, 2014 ... time, crime rates, the state of the natural environment and pollution levels. ..... economic growth following the impact of favourable aggregate supply factors ... Exploration has led to many mineral discoveries such as gold, iron ore, bauxite, coal .... made through negotiations between staff and their boss, on a...

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Parliament should look closely at the iron ore price war - ABC News ...

May 17, 2015 ... It may be tempting to think the price of iron ore is a business issue and, ... The impact is also being felt by smaller miners in Australia and in other ..... On 1 July 2012 the extraction factor was calculated at 25 percent giving an effective tax rate of 22.5 per cent ... It was dropped during the "bargaining" phase.

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Price Determination in the Lake Erie Iron Ore Market - JStor

the iron ore deposits found in the border states of Lake Superior.' The ore has been mined ... formerly rich and plentiful, have exerted a strong influence upon the location and ... factors serving this industry have been important economic facts of .... the charges include transportation rates for delivery to Lower Lake ports. Iron...

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America's Public Sector Union Dilemma - AEI

Nov 26, 2011 ... It is important to determine why public unionization rates are so much ... union work rules in the iron ore industry reduced output per worker by about 50 percent.2 ... a major factor in understanding lower private sector unionization.4,5 In a .... Bargaining between employers and unions is the most common...

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Tracking the trends 2016 - Deloitte

demand factors for commodities irrevocably ... everything from iron ore, coal and aluminum .... Reimagine the collective bargaining process ... but in terms of standards of living, job rates ... and prevent downtime events that could impact.

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Formulating Vertical Integration Strategies - Columbia University

tion strated and proposes key factors that might augment their uses within various scenarios. .... negotiating contracts. Cortipetitive benefits ... stage of processing from iron ore to Hnisb-and-trim operations ..... integration. Factors Affecting Vertical Strategies ..... exacerbate price warfare or rapid rates of change in products or...

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Identifying Supply and Demand Elasticities of Iron Ore

Apr 16, 2012 ... the historical prices, 2) world GDP growth rate is the determining factor in the ... Though iron ore pricing mechanism and China's recent impact have been broadly .... negotiations between mining companies and steelmakers. ... Figure 1 64.5% Fe Content Iron Ore Price and Rate of Change (1962-2010).

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The Mining Industry: From Bust to Boom - Reserve Bank of Australia

Aug 16, 2011 ... the real exchange rate, affecting trade-exposed industries. ... the extraction of coal, iron ore and liquefied natural gas (LNG), and away from ... economy and encouraged the factors of production to shift towards the mining ... with a floating exchange rate, decentralised wage bargaining, an inflation-targeting.

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China's Steel Industry and Its Impact on the United States: Issues for ...

Sep 21, 2010 ... constraints such as dependence on imported iron ore and high energy ..... China averaged 9%.1 China's emergence as a major economic power is a key factor in ... Chinese currency exchange rate does not provide an unfair ..... leverage bargaining power when negotiating price with international iron ore.

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ARCELORMITTAL

Feb 25, 2014 ... has been an important factor influencing global steel prices in recent years. ... fluctuations in exchange rates; the bargaining power of raw material ... Although ArcelorMittal has substantial sources of iron ore and coal from its.

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Rio Tinto - St. John's University

Rio Tinto continues the expansion of its iron ore division in Dampier, Western Australia .... comes from China, whose economy is growing at an astonishing annual rate of 10-15% a year. .... central factor in aluminum prices is the .... Bargaining power of purchasers is greatly influenced by the differentiation in products across.

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Global steel 2014 - EY

sustainable level, and raise the capacity utilization rate for the sector globally ... The coking coal and iron ore markets are likely to ... complex interplay of factors influencing a more ...... door price negotiations with their customers.23 We believe.

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Strategic Mgmt ch04 - Scribd

The operating environment comprises factors that influence a firm's immediate ... Prime interest rates, inflation rates, and trends in the growth of the gross national ..... Suppliers can exert bargaining power on participants in an industry by raising ..... Suppliers of coal and iron ore and customers such as carmakers were far...

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Form 20-F VALE SA - Vale

Mar 31, 2016 ... other factors or trends affecting our financial condition or results of .... iron ore pellets, which together accounted for 62.2% of our 2015 net .... interest rate (SELIC) increased to 14.25% in December 31, 2015 ..... represented by labor unions and are covered by collective bargaining or other labor agreements,...

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A Game Theory Analysis in Trade Security of Iron Ore - ipedr

Keywords-Iron Ore International Trade, Pricing Right, Bargaining Strength, Game Analysis. 1. Introduction. In recent ... As a result, not only an analysis of direct affecting factors but also a more ... ri is the discount rate of the future. If the seller...

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A Game Theory Analysis in Trade Security of Iron Ore - ipedr

Keywords-Iron Ore International Trade, Pricing Right, Bargaining Strength, Game Analysis. 1. Introduction. In recent ... As a result, not only an analysis of direct affecting factors but also a more ... ri is the discount rate of the future. If the seller...

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Price Determination in the Lake Erie Iron Ore Market - JStor

the iron ore deposits found in the border states of Lake Superior.' The ore has been mined ... formerly rich and plentiful, have exerted a strong influence upon the location and ... factors serving this industry have been important economic facts of .... the charges include transportation rates for delivery to Lower Lake ports. Iron...

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Cliffs Natural Resources Inc. Announces Earlier Restart of United ...

Jun 9, 2016 ... The new iron ore pellet tonnage ordered by U.S. Steel Canada brings Cliffs' ... Uncertainties and risk factors that could affect Cliffs' future performance ... rate in China ; our ability to reach agreement with our iron ore customers ... or renew collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms; the impact of...

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The Latest Iron Ore Price Slump: Causes And Effects - Forbes

Mar 14, 2014 ... Iron ore prices registered their second biggest percentage fall in a single ... The other factor spooking the iron ore market is the tightening credit scenario in .... Meanwhile, you can observe the impact of different iron ore pricing...

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Iron Ore in Western Australia Sustainable development ... - Rio Tinto

our Australian Iron Ore and linked businesses and it also informs our future targets and tasks. ... impact on the accuracy of this data in future years. ..... understand their individual health risk factors, whilst receiving ... the time of writing this report has a participation rate of ... We are also in advanced negotiations with the three.

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The Latest Iron Ore Price Slump: Causes And Effects - Forbes

Mar 14, 2014 ... Iron ore prices registered their second biggest percentage fall in a single ... The other factor spooking the iron ore market is the tightening credit scenario in .... Meanwhile, you can observe the impact of different iron ore pricing...

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factors affecting steel employment besides steel imports

it is assumed that purchases of iron ore by the domestic steel industry do not ... bargaining power of steel labor unions with respect to steel producers, and by ... price of imported steel (taking into account the exchange rate and the tariff rate on...

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Chapter 4— Global Market Contacts: Bargaining between ...

A more direct focus on what factors determine these bargaining outcomes is .... equity markets, and the ability to take advantage of favorable exchange rates. ... the prospect of declining influence over the firm's decision-making processes and ..... basic resources are land, used mainly to produce crude rubber, and iron ore.

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Global steel 2014 - EY

sustainable level, and raise the capacity utilization rate for the sector globally ... The coking coal and iron ore markets are likely to ... complex interplay of factors influencing a more ...... door price negotiations with their customers.23 We believe.

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What Determines Productivity? Lessons from ... - Stanford University

number of people associated with the U.S. and Canadian iron ore industries have provided help, and I thank .... two-thirds the rate of labor productivity. Data are not ... The first four factors would primarily influence industry TFP. (and hence .... its production to Europe, where negotiations between Brazilian iron ore producers...

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Dynamic Determinants in Global Iron Ore Supply Chain - Cirrelt

freight rates and transportation infrastructure. This allows assessment of ... properties affecting iron ore price in terms of metal unit (Fe) contained in the ore.

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Factors that influence the price of Al, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Ni - USGS ...

Factors that influence the price of Al, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Ni, ..... [Percent of iron production is based on the iron ore production measured in .... rates, play a role.

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What Factors Affect the Price of Iron Ore? (with pictures) - wiseGEEK

The price of iron ore is affected by many different factors, including shifts in ... have an impact on the level of revenue those businesses can expect to generate.

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